Persons with decreased immune function (Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) less than 1000) due to chemotherapy or radiation, or persons receiving therapy which affects the GI tract (your mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, colon or rectum) are at increased risk of developing a food-related infection (food poisoning). You can protect yourself from many infections by preparing food and drinks properly and by avoiding specific foods that are more likely to contain infection-causing organisms. You may want to discuss the safety of these or other foods with a dietitian.
Patients undergoing allogeneic transplantation (from an unrelated or family donor) are at risk for infections until all immunosuppressive medications have been stopped and the patient is free of active acute or chronic GVHD (graft versus host disease). Immunosuppressive medications include cyclosporine (Neoral®), tacrolimus (Prograf®), prednisone, thalidomide, Imuran®, Rapamycin®, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF, CellCept®) and interferon.
Allogeneic patients should follow this diet during and after all therapy (chemotherapy and/or radiation). The diet should be continued until all immunosuppressive therapy is discontinued AND no acute or chronic graft versus host disease is present.
Autologous patients should follow this diet before and after all therapy (chemotherapy and/or radiation) during the first 45 days after transplantation. Prior to the end of this time period, patients and their caregivers should talk to their physician and dietitian regarding whether or not to continue any part of the diet.
Chemotherapy and radiation treatments put you at an increased risk for developing a food-related infection. The following dietary guidelines and the "low-microbial diet" will help reduce your risk of contracting a food-borne infection (food poisoning) while you’re admitted to the hospital.
The do's and don'ts of dining out.